# Visualizing with Seaborn

Seaborn is a Python visualization library based on matplotlib. It is really just a wrapper around matplotlib that adds styles to make default visualizations much more appealing. It also makes creation of certain types of complicated plots much simpler.

```
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
```

```
%matplotlib notebook
```

The following creates two series of 1000 random numbers. The first is drawn from a normal distribution with a mean of 0, and standard deviation of 10. The values of the second series are twice the corresponding values from the first series plus a random number drawn from a normal distribution with a mean of 60 and a standard deviation of 15.

```
np.random.seed(1234)
v1 = pd.Series(np.random.normal(0,10,1000), name='v1')
v2 = pd.Series(2*v1 + np.random.normal(60,15,1000), name='v2')
```

In the following figure, both those series are plotted in the same figure. The bins are passed in as a parameter to both historgram functions so that the bin sizes are sure to be equivalent.

```
plt.figure()
plt.hist(v1, alpha=0.7, bins=np.arange(-50,150,5), label='v1');
plt.hist(v2, alpha=0.7, bins=np.arange(-50,150,5), label='v2');
plt.legend();
```

```
<IPython.core.display.Javascript object>
```

In the following figure, the histograms are shown differently as a stacked bar plot. A kernel density estimate plot is placed over the stacked histogram. The kernel density estimation plot estimates the probability density function of the combination of the two series.

```
plt.figure()
plt.hist([v1, v2],
histtype='barstacked',
density=True);
v3 = np.concatenate((v1,v2))
sns.kdeplot(v3);
```

```
<IPython.core.display.Javascript object>
```

Seaborn provides a function to quickly create this kind of plot called distplot.

```
plt.figure()
sns.distplot(v3, hist_kws={'color': 'Teal'}, kde_kws={'color': 'Navy'});
```

```
<IPython.core.display.Javascript object>
```

The following is one of the complex plots sns contains built-in functions for, called a joint plot. It allows us to visualize the distribution of the two variables individually as histograms and jointly as a scatterplot.

```
sns.jointplot(v1, v2, alpha=0.4);
```

```
<IPython.core.display.Javascript object>
```

Since Seaborn uses matplotlib we can change the plots using matplotlib’s tools. Some of Seaborn’s tools return a matplotlib axis object, while others return a Seaborn grid object which is a figure with several panels. `jointplot`

falls into that category.

```
grid = sns.jointplot(v1, v2, alpha=0.4);
grid.ax_joint.set_aspect('equal')
```

```
<IPython.core.display.Javascript object>
```

Hexbin plots are the bivariate counterpart to histograms. They show the number of observations that fall into hexagonal bins. This type of plots works well with large datasets.

```
sns.jointplot(v1, v2, kind='hex');
```

```
<IPython.core.display.Javascript object>
```